Along with all types of cultural aspects, the first European settlers brought with them ideas of architecture and building techniques and materials. This also included paint, like linseed paint. It was typical for old timber buildings to be treated with linseed paint, very often a red iron oxide ground in linseed oil.
They had been using this paint for hundreds of years and knew it worked exceptionally well to protect timber from all types of climate. In Europe, they had been using it from the north of Norway and Sweden all the way down to Italy and Spain, in all different types of climate and weather conditions.
This is an example of a timber house in Skansen Open Air Museum, Sweden ©global-geography.org
The buildings they started erecting from the 1700s onwards, were typically timber frame and timber clad, all painted in linseed paint.
This is a stunning example of a colonial home in Killingworth, CT, built c. 1700, reposted with kind permission @old_beautiful
The history of the color is very interesting. During the War of Spanish Succession, the future Ling Frederick I of Sweden, fought alongside the Dutch in several sea battles. During his stay in the Low Countries (what is now The Netherlands) and saw the brick-built mansions in cities like Amsterdam, Haarlem and Alkmaar, which belonged to the wealthy traders from the Dutch Golden Age.
When going back to Sweden, he wanted to have that same look of red brick. The problem was that brick-built properties were the epitome of wealth and Sweden wasn’t particularly wealthy at that moment in time.
As a solution, he thought timber properties should be painted in the iron oxide red color, so similar to the red brick. As luck would have it, Sweden happens to have a rich supply of iron oxide in the ground. At a squint, one could see the similarity and what he was trying to emulate.
Vermeer’s The Little Street, c. 1658 (c) Rijksmuseum
New England, in particular, is littered with beautiful examples of this type of building vernacular. Here are some more examples:
Guildford, CT, reposted with kind permission from Instagram @strolling_the_shoreline
Winterport, Maine, reposted with kind permission from Instagram @thewoodfactorymaine
Why use Linseed Paint?
It is important to understand how important the use of a moisture-wicking paint on a timber building is. These buildings are still standing because of the use of traditional materials, not despite it. Modern, non-breathable or non-wicking paints trap moisture and make timber rot.
Another reason to use linseed paint is that when using a traditional product, the colour palette and, therefore, 'look and feel' of the finish is automatically in line with the original historic one. The color and feel of modern paints never feel quite right because of the inherent differences in molecular structures.
We have 2 colors which are usually used for buildings of this type. One is the traditional Barn Red, the other the slightly more earthy brownish Dark Iron Oxide Red. Very often, the red gets used in combination with a neutral white. Yellow Ochres and Dark Greys also work well.